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BEIJING – It looks like a normal car but the white taxi by the kerb has nobody driving it, and communicates with customers digitally to obtain directions and take payment.
Beijing this week approved its first autonomous taxis for commercial use, bringing dozens of the so-called “robotaxis” to the streets of the Chinese capital.
The vehicles can only carry two passengers at a time and are confined to the city’s southern Yizhuang area. 
An employee of the taxi firm also sits in the front of the car in case any sudden intervention is needed, but the vehicle drives itself.

The photo taken on November 25, 2021 shows an Apollo Go autonomous taxi driving on a street in Yizhuang, a town of Daxing District, in the southeast suburbs of Beijing. An employee of the taxi firm also sits in the front of the car in case any sudden intervention is needed, but the vehicle drives itself. (Photo by Jade GAO / AFP)


The roll-out is a significant step forward for the driverless ambitions of Chinese tech giant Baidu and start-up Pony.ai, who were given the green light to deploy the cars on Thursday.
But it is expected to be years before the taxis operate fully without human intervention, due to regulations and safety requirements.
Developers are hoping Chinese consumers — who have embraced e-commerce, online payments and other digital solutions — will quickly get used to the sensation of travelling in a car without a driver. 
Pony.ai co-founder Peng Jun said the key to moving the industry forward is “policy, technology and public acceptance”.
More than 500,000 trips have already been made in Pony.ai’s robotaxis during earlier testing stages, the Toyota-backed start-up said.

The photo taken on November 25, 2021 shows a passenger pressing a start button to activate an Apollo Go autonomous taxi driving. (Photo by Jade GAO / AFP)


Passengers using Baidu’s “Apollo Go” cars must download an app called “Luobo kuaipao” — meaning “radish run” — and can hail a cab at one of 600 pick-up and drop-off points.
Sixty-seven Baidu taxis are on the roads in Beijing charging just over two yuan ($0.30) for a 5.9-kilometre (3.66-mile) journey.
Alibaba-backed start-up AutoX and ride-hailing giant DiDi Chuxing have also been running robotaxi pilot projects in cities around the country.

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